Israeli/Palestinian Peace Building as a Social Process
Social Change Depatment (Sociology I) Universidad Complutense de Madrid, SIN Madrid, Spain
A trend that has been characterizing either scientific studies or the media coverage of conflicts is to associate those issues to eventuality. Thus, it is common to simplify the nature of conflict to the point of considering that they just exist during major bombings or during atrocities such as genocide or ethnic cleansing. Moreover, the fact that the term conflict is often used with adjectives such as "armed" or "war", contribute even more to get off other problems and confrontations prolonged in time and across space. However, conflicts are beyond war and news; they are complex phenomena that require, for their proper understanding, the location within a specific historical context and a pacification and reconstruction program. What is certain is that conflict must necessarily be regarded as a social process by which social transformations are done on existing social order. In the Israeli/Palestinian case it would be recommendable to analyze the situation according to a contextualization; study of social change and its implications in population has to be present as a way to broaden the perspective. Transformation of social structures and thus, social relations, must be necessary for a sustainable peace. In this aspect, the importance of intervention on political and decision-making levels is crucial and therefore, capacity building on intermediate strata of society.