Democratisation of School Education in Portugal
sociology of education Centre for Research and Studies in Sociology Lisboa, Portugal
Coming from almost a one and half century of slow growth in educational development, Portugal has considerably changed its patterns of educational attendance in compulsory and secondary education. However, this expansion was not made without difficulties, namely the long presence of school failure and drop out. Comparing two sets of data, one from the Census of 1971/1981/2001 with indicators about the search for school attendance, school performance and regional differentiation; and the other from researches about social inequalities in schooling carried in the early 1970?s and 2000?s, we will argue that school expansion in Portugal still keeps the pattern of a strongly selective educational system, even if clearly more open in its higher levels to different kind of students.