Existential Analytic and Sociology
Sociology University of Kassel Kassel, Germany
Building on three fundamental ideas of social theory
i) the classical sociological idea of singularity of social beings (Dilthey, Weber, Simmel, Mead, as well as the contemporary theory of actors developed by Boudon, Coleman, Hedström)
ii) the existential-phenomenological idea of temporal structure and finite nature of human life as constitutive for the form of social life (Simmel, Heidegger, Levinas)
iii) the ethics of alterity (Levinas, Derrida) - we will present a concept of existential-analytic understanding of sociology as a new critical and deconstructive analytic approach to global social fields such as coexistence, violence, war, human rights, reproductive processes of life and biopolitics, genetic engineering, and death benefit. The paper exemplifies this existential-analytic understanding of sociology with the notion and concept of coexistence - "being with" as mutual asymmetric relation of responsivity.