9th Conference European Sociological Association

RN13 Sociology of Families and Intimate Lives

2009-09-04 13:30:00 2009-09-04 15:00:00 Friday, 4 September 13:30 - 15:00 Work and Families Building II, Audit├│rio B1.03

Gender: processes of conjugal conflict and parental power

Despite the relative advance, in legal and political terms, of the defence of egalitarian principles within the relation between men and women, recent (inter)national studies confirm the persisting social borders and inequalities of gender in many contexts (work, daily interactions, values and symbolic regulations, institutional frames).
In this paper, after a revisitation, in a synthetic and critical way, of some theoretical paradigms, we propose a convergence of the Marxist model with the feminist one and, indirectly, a fruitful crossing between (neo)Marxism and Weberianism, being this one also articulated with symbolic interaccionism.
In a research project about gender (in)equalities in work and private life (PTDC/SDE/72257/2006) and in a doctoral project over "Conjugal rupture and subsequent garde of children" (SFRH/BD/41950/2007), we try, on the basis of quantitative (official statistics) and qualitative methods (the judicial sentences), to we try, on the basis of quantitative (official statistics) and qualitative methods (the judicial sentences), to gather empirical data about administrative justice in divorce processes and in the regulation of parental responsibility and guardianship in the northwest of Portugal. We assume the hypothesis that, beyond the inherent interests to the macro-economic and institutional domination┬┤s mechanisms, the control of the feminine force of labour and subsequent phenomena of labour segregation and wage discrimination are whether reproduced or countered at different levels: socio-structural, organizational/institutional and interactive. At the micro and meso-social levels, the power of the woman differs according to different factors, such as: available resources and rewards; participation in the productive process; presence of an hierarchical ranking of sexual roles in the division of labour; place occupied in the organization of the corporation or institution; place in the (re)productive sphere of the family unit; place in the interactions and negotiations of roles.