'Emotional Liberation' Among Women Peace Activists In Israeli Society
The College of Management ? Academic studies Dept. of Behavioral Sciences Tel-Aviv, Israel
This paper aims at discussing processes of disenchantment and distrust that have evolved within the women's peace movement in Israeli society. Women´s peace movements represent a relatively new phenomenon in Israeli civil society. This trend began with a small number of organizations immediately following the breakout of the first Lebanon War in June 1982. By the turn of the third millennium, two distinct waves could be identified. The first wave began after the outbreak of the first Palestinian Intifada, in January 1988, and receded in 1993/1994 with the signing of the Oslo Agreement. The second wave of women's peace activism, initiated with the onset of the Intifada al-Aqsa (October 2000), and is still active, though it has passed its peak. Throughout this period of time, a central theme that has emerged during my ongoing research on these movements was that of a processes of disenchantment from Israeli society with its dominant ideology, from Zionism, the Israeli policy in the occupied territories, and from their ability to promote significant changes in Israeli politics. These processes will be discussed with a reference to McAdam's (1982) concept of "Cognitive Liberation" along the lines suggested by Flam (2005), in an attempt to advance an approach of processes of "emotional liberation".The discussion will be based on data collected over more then 20 years of studies of women's peace movements in Israel.