Environment Policy and Governing Nature - Government or Governance?
Bodø University College Bodø University College BODØ, Norway
Otterlei, Jill Beth
Bodø University College Bodø University College Bodø, Norway
Industrialisation and urbanisation in the Nordic countries create environmental problems such as declining natural biodiversity. Sweden and Norway have established in 1967 and 1972 Ministries of environment to solve the environmental problems. At the national level there are similarities in the governing structures and national policy of environmental protection. At regional level there are differences in management of nature. This paper presents an empirical qualitative casestudy of national governing and regional management of the environment in both these countries in the north. With the use of comparative methods, we have investigated the different patterns of organisation of the regional management of the environment. The empirical findings suggest that Swedish system of governing is an integrated "top down" management and the Norwegian system is more a governance system witch is disintegrated and "bottom up". The Swedish management puts more emphasis on conservation of nature and has larger biodiversity than that of Norway. The discussion leads to the conclusion that the organization of institutions counts in the solution of environmental problems.