Fragmentation of higher education in Brazil: new public higher education in Piauí
Carvalho e Silva, Willame
SOCIOLOGY DEPARTMENT ISCTE - Instituto Superior de Ciências do Trabalho e da Empresa Lisboa, Portugal
History ICS - Instituto de Ciências Sociais Lisboa, Portugal
The study ?fragmentation of higher education in Brazil: new public higher education in Piauí", is to identify and characterize the profile, paths and cultural distinctions, social and economic of the new public higher education-of Piauí Brazil, which takes place from the process of democratization in the area of higher education in the mid-1990s, the result of a government policy of opening to private initiative. Research has identified as a major problem if there is separation and division in terms of background, offices and lifestyle among the new characters of higher education (students of Institutions newly established private) and public courses in the traditional elite of public universities of education higher in Piauí,. The main hypothesis is to say that the new public higher education are from the popular classes, who have suffered the process of "deferred success" (Vieira, 2007:144), consisting of young with irregular route school, with a late entry in the system higher education, older than average public university. From a sociodemographic point of view, it identifies a significant number of new characters from cities in the State of Piauí, featuring an internal migration in search of better living conditions, health, education and housing in the capital of the state of Piauí, Teresina . The study aims also to identify the distinctions between traditional and new public system education, in terms of probable ways to professional futures conditions. This research is a contribution to support future policy-making in the field of higher education in Brazil.