Sexuality and HIV/AIDS vulnerability: female youths' behaviours, beliefs, myths, taboos and knowledges
Brak-Lamy, Maria de Guadalupe
CRIA - Centre for the Research in Anthropology New University of Lisbon/Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences Lisbon, Portugal
The objective of this communication is to analyse the factors which provoke the vulnerability to HIV/AIDS of young portuguese and cape verde girls (15 to 25 years old), living in four migrant slums in the Great Lisbon Area namely, socio-cultural factors, as the family control and the peers influence related to sexual behaviours of young cape verde girls and young portuguese girls, power asymmetries in heterosexual relationships and the negotiation of safe sex, the access to information and the obstacles to service health utilisation, as well as specific factors associated to sexual behaviours, sexual practices, myths, taboos, beliefs and knowledges regarding HIV/AIDS, perceptions of personal HIV/AIDS risk and religious beliefs of these girls.
The basis for this study is the qualitative methodology based in semi-structured interviews (40 portuguese girls and 40 cape verde girls were interviewed). The interviews are analysed using the technique of analysis of thematic content (Bardin, 1977).
For the analysis of the thematic "youth sexuality and HIV/AIDS" we apply the gender relations theory (Holland et al., 1990, 1991a, 1991b 1992 and 1994) and the theory of vulnerability (Mann et al., 1992 and 1996).