The Role of the Intellectual and Creative Class in the Public Sphere
Institute of Journalism & Communication University of Tartu Tartu, Estonia
What is role of media which shapes and values intellectuality and creativity? In society how do differ the roles of intellectual media and intellectual networks based on the media which are created in
democratic system and which in totalitarian system? The role and meaning of the creative and intellectual class network in the society is a quite ambivalent. Colloquium presents comparative analysis of roles of intellectual and creative texts in totalitarian, closed society and in democratic civil society.From empirical media research it is evident, that the role of culture and intellectuality is steadily high in journalism; this is bearer of basic values and through that designer of identity. This role is ambivalent; on the one hand stabilizing and at the same time preparing for dynamic changes, developing toward changes, charting the changes.Paradox in philosophical perspective is that although journalism is as if a publication for actual political life and news, real, deeper news, meaning paradigmatic changes are being prepared likely by journalism and dominante discourses in journalistic texts, ad hominem experience of active creators of texts/ subjects (expert of living); the experience of journalists as experts of life provides the tone, that is powerful implicit influencer, but as a theme this has been kept quiet. Spheres of consensus, controversy, and deviance (D.Hallin) expand to methodical proportions, from which the pragmatic basis for contemporary social-philosophy of intellectual and creative texts is formed.Second principal dimension is in Habermas disquisition of Weber's objective rational public environment, to which Habermas opposes in turn value rational theory of communication. In his work Communicative action; Habermas argues with Weber, educes his own value rational theory of communication. On the basis of these theories and empirical material I present model of central role of intellectual and creative environment in distinct types of society, in distinct Public Spheres. Discussion is founded on analysis of empirical journalistic materials. Research material originates from study of journalistic content conducted in years 2004-2009 (Estonian Foundation of Science g5854).