Changes in Global Strategy of Fighting on Terror from Bush to Barack Obama Strategies
Sociology University of Wroc?aw Wroc?aw, Poland
In this speech I am trying to show and explain how important are the consequences of transformation from the Bush strategy of fighting on terror to the B. Obama strategy on active role of foreign policy and economic cooperation in global dimension. Moreover, in my speech, I would like to present the outline of model facilitating the measurement of intangibles of security at several levels.
The global strategy of fighting on terror by "sword and fire" implemented by former US president G.W. Bush was the attempt of military solving the problem and also the attempt of rebuilding the psychical sphere as a result of the unprecedented in the entire US history terrorist attack on Sept. 11. 2001. The Bush global strategy was only true by its name, since in reality it was limited to active military fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan. The war waged in Iraq gave partial effects in the area of a democratic stability and simultaneously led to reinforcing the terrorist groups in Afghanistan and Pakistan.
At present the US is apparently forced to conduct more active foreign policy oriented toward international cooperation in the sphere of security as well as focusing upon homeland security, among other things, because of transforming the financial crisis into the economic one, which may be enlarged to a social sphere.
In practice, it means the necessity of changing strategy on fighting global terrorism conducted by the B. Obama administration. This change will probably rely on transition from "hard" to "soft" methods, what in reality is manifested as departing from the power to political solutions. These changes are perceived in submitting proposals on reducing the Weapon of Mass Destruction (WMD) and broader political, economic cooperation not only with the UE countries but also with Russia, China and India. What constitutes a great challenge for these states.
In the measure of homeland security one can notice some attempts made to strengthen the role of statehood in financial, automobile, health and social care sectors.