Gender relations and employment in the 21st century
Pazarzi, Eleni Nina
Sociology University of Piraeus Piraeus, Greece
In the beginning of 21st century, the transformation of socio-economic relations has led to a reality which is called "globalization", which is a complex process with various dimensions (economic, political, cultural, geographical etc.). The change in the global division of labor has become a central issue of interest and debates in various disciplines but many approaches have been criticized for not making reference to the gendered aspects of social and productive relations. Gender and work is a central issue of theoretical considerations and empirical research today. It is accepted that the impact of globalization on women has been both positive (i.e. in developing countries the participation in the labor market) and negative (i.e. the feminization of poverty. This presentation aims at contributing to the theoretical and empirical considerations of gendered relations in the labour market by presenting some basic parameters of this situation with special reference to the greek reality. Among them are: the conditions of women´s employment, the horizontal and vertical occupational segregation, the gender pay gap etc.