Citizens, Migrants and Welfare Public Services in Spain: Researching the Daily Practice of Social and Economic Citizenship
Martín Pérez, Alberto
Institute for Policies and Public Goods Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) SPAIN,
This paper will show the first results of a research project on the daily practice of social and economic citizenship in welfare public services in Spain. It aims at analyzing the influence exerted over welfare public services by the settlement in Spain, in the last few years, of many foreign migrant workers who, once recognized their legal status within the country, have also been officially allowed social and economic citizenship.
The project aims at observing the daily functioning of these public services, specially taking into account the cross-relationship between Public Administration and its institutional organization, civil servants and the heterogeneous categories of users within these services. It focus on the differences in terms of treatment and social relations specially between citizens and foreigners. Likewise, the project aims at understanding the daily practice of welfare polices enacted in public services as a set of practices revealing the main features of the daily practice of social and economic citizenship in Spain.
The paper will explore the influence of individual experiences of the daily practice of policies and citizenship over social policy and immigration policy analysis and evaluation. Thus, current research focuses on the possibilities for immigrant and citizen participation in the transformation of public services, by valuing immigrants' and citizens' daily practices and experiences of their interaction with public services and civil servants. So that, the paper will picture the characteristics of immigrant and citizen participation in policy implementation and evaluation as a means of studying current participation in democracy framed by social and economic citizenship.
The project is based on a set of case studies of welfare public services in Spain: an office of the Social Security, an unemployment office and an office of the local social services. In each case, research develops ethnographic fieldwork which would provide evidence on the daily practice of social and economic citizenship continuously enacted by civil servants and users of public services.