The construction of nurse's professional worlds; Comparing France and Japan evolving conventions
sociology Toyo University Japan,
Economics Lest Aix-en-Provence, France
Nurse profession is changing quite quickly along with the context in which they are embedded. In order to analyze this evolutions, surveys (either by mean of interviews or questionnaire) have been conducted in both countries in 1988 in 2008. Using the notion of Convention in order to explain the differences as well as similarities of the two configurations, the communication will focus on the two main surveys results:
1) The professional world of French nurses is characterized by the opposition between the two logics, technical and domestic; the professional world of the Japanese nurses relies on the remaining power of the domestic logic.
2) In France, the rationalization logic (New Public Management) challenges the continuous trajectories of the nurses. In Japan, the introduction of the functional differentiation of Japanese hospitals requires the construction of the specialized nurses which will challenge the domestic logic.
We will discuss les relationships (critics and compromise) between different Conventions leading to the construction of nurse's professional worlds in the two, French and Japanese societal contexts.