9th Conference European Sociological Association

RS04 Europe and Immigration

2009-09-05 11:00:00 2009-09-05 12:30:00 Saturday, 5 September 11:00 - 12:30 Cultural Participation: Social Milieux, sense of Belonging, Identity Building I, 1E9

Intermarriage among five immigrants communities living in Portugal: the case of Brazilians, Ukrainian, Angolans, Cape Verdeans and Guineans

In a single decade, the number of foreign residents in Portugal increased 137%, from 172.912 in 1996 to 409.185 in 2006. This growth in the number of immigrants obviously had consequences in the context of marriage. The data for the marriages occurred between 2001 and 2005, provided by the official national statistics, indicated that the unions in which at least one spouse born outside of Portugal increased in that period of time 107.8%, from 2063 to 4287.
In this research we examined the intermarriage patterns among five groups of immigrants in Portugal, those who correspond to the majority groups and that are associated with different flows in the Portuguese history of immigration: Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Ukraine and Brazil. We used the marriage microdata from the 2005 official national statistics.
We are interested in the existing patterns of marriage, not only between nationals and non-nationals, but also among non-nationals.
Logistic regressions done by country of origin and sex show that there are different marriage strategies between groups of immigrants corresponding to the oldest flow of immigration and the most recent one, being the latter the one with lowest levels of endogamy. Our results also reveal gender differences regarding the levels of exogamy. Among the groups with the highest levels of exogamy (Brazil and Ukraine), women are those that tend most to marry outside their group of origin.