Professions and Welfare State: The Social Educator and the Social Graduate
Arturo, Ballesteros Leiner
PICSE ÁREA 1 UNIVERSIDAD PEDAGÓGICA NACIONAL DF, MÉXICO
The Welfare state is conceived as a social State, which it proposes as basic activity to contribute in the process of social rationalization, representing this way the most finished form of the project of modernity. This type of State is ruled by the principle of universality, of there that grants possibility and viability to him to the concept of citizenship, both in the political dimension and in the social one. The process of social rationalization needs of social agents transmitters of the welfare. Of there that we consider like investigation object the participation of some professions in that complex process. The topic approached by Bertilsson brings over of that the modern professions have a crucial role in the administration of the Welfare State, allows us to study in the Spanish case, the specific role that two professions have played, as example of it: the Social Educator and the Social Graduate. The social educators propose to decode the complex processes of management and bring over to the citizens the possibility of being educated in the knowledge of the social right and his consequences of cohesion.
The Welfare State has made possible the extension and specification of the social rights. The opening of the spaces of participation and the development of the public policies have driven to a diversification of subjects and of be afraid socially relevant, that it has forced to the specification and recognition of new rights and subjective freedoms. It, though it has implied a major democratization of the society, has meant at the same time, new demands for the State and has returned more complex still the policy, since this one has met bound to attend to specific and new questions that stem from these new rights, as well as the questions that remain linked to the class dynamics. This overlapping does not have only political effects but, principally, functional. It is in this functional space in which the Social Graduates are positioned due, attending to two fundamental pillars for the citizen welfare: the labour relations and the social safety.