New and old forms of transitions to adulthood: facts from the Catalan Youth Survey
- Catalan Youth Observatory Barcelona, Spain
- Catalan Youht Observatory Barcelona, Spain
This paper presents the main results of the Catalan Youth Survey of the year 2007. This official periodical survey has a sample of 2.4000 individuals aged from 15 to 34 and includes four batteries of retrospective questions about education, work, housing and family formation. The analysis studies the main characteristics of the four partial transitions considered (end of education, labour market integration, leaving home and family formation) and it also builds up, through a cluster analysis, an integral typology of the trajectories of transition into adulthood of Catalan young people. The results partially question some of the assumptions on youth research literature concerning youth transitions, i.e. the non-linearity of transitions, the diversification of trajectories or its increased reversibility. Thus, the youth phase enlargement seems to have reached its peak; linear and quick transitions seem to be the most common; and reversibility, although frequent, is not dominant. The results also highlight the fact that the extent to which precariousness and unemployment are temporary life phases or a permanent situation depends mostly in the level of instruction.