Conflicting or unified? Couples' response to policy measures related to fertility and family in the Czech Republic
IVRIS Faculty of Social Studies MU Brno Czech Republic,
Chromkova Manea, Beatrice
IVRIS Faculty of Social Studies MU Brno Brno, Czech Republic
The welfare regime and policy measures related to family life are mostly designed to address the family as a whole without taking in consideration the differences that might exist within the family (between partners) with regard fertility decisions and family planning. Voas theory of conflicting preferences assumes that there are differences between men and women with regard to the preferred number of children a couple has. Our previous analysis based on Czech data shows that there are small differences in preferences between partners. We argued that if differences in preferences between partners exist with regard to the number of children a couple has or wants, variation between partners response to the state family-related policies will also emerge.
This contribution addresses the differences or similarities in couples response to different policy measures by comparing the responses given by partners with respect to a subset of public "family policies" that facilitate fertility, parental leave, child care, child allowances and other family-related measures. The present paper makes use of data offered by the "Marriage, Family and Work" study carried out in November 2005 in the Czech Republic. National sample includes people aged 20-40, both men and women with some age variations between men and women. Both partners were interviewed in households where the interviewers found a couple living in cohabitation or marriage. The sample is national representative for the population aged 20-40. Paired data on sixteen measures of public policy are presented and used to construct composite measure of policy packages design to support family planning and fertility in the Czech Republic.