Employers' organizations and their access to decision-making power at the EU level
Department of Political Sciences University of Trieste Trieste, Italy
Abstract: The paper deals with the role of employers? (and more generally business) organizations in their relationships with the European Union institutions and their decision-making processes. It should be the starting point of a further research project in this field. After the Single European Act (1986), EU policy-making has become more and more important, both in terms of legislation and of policy areas covered by its intervention. This process has intensified after the Maastricht Treaty (1992), whose Social Protocol led to the extension of the European Social Dialogue to new sectors of enforcement. Even though they had been active well before the mid-1980s, business groups were induced by EU-related political developments to move further in a supranational direction. Besides the national level, the EU level grew significant also in industrial relations. The paper intends to review the literature related to the search for access to decision-making at the European level by entrepreneurial organizations since the late 1980s. The aim is to explore the strategies chosen by such actors, and possibly relate them with policy outputs. It should also be possible to find details regarding the broader model of interest intermediation, since both pluralist and neocorporatist traits have been observed by experts. A longer-term goal is that the analysis of business organizations? experiences could offer a clearer insight into EU governance procedures and into the conditions for gaining specific results.