State Relationships of the Finnish Environmental Movement
Social Sciences and Philosophy University of Jyväskylä Finland,
The relationships between the state and social movements obviously vary greatly from society to society. It is characteristic of Finland - like of other Nordic countries - that collaborative activities between the state and environmental movements are culturally and practically rather well institutionalized. The most clearly, this holds with the most important environmental association of the country, The Finnish Association for Nature Conservation (f. 1938). It is argued that the relationships of the FANC with the state are in the end based on the specific model of the civil society more generally, the formation which goes back far to the late 19th century. The connections of the FANC with the state are studied in this historical context. It will also be studied the forms of co-work, their development and the present state. It will be argued that the relationship is a sensitive balance protected by the both parties. From the viewpoint of FANC this means a kind of continuous and sensitive move between a moderate well organized formal association and a challenging movement, however carefully watching not to be too militant. The relationship is conditioned by the respect for an old cultural code of peaceful demonstrating, determining the possibilities for co-work. The outcomes of this kind of collaborative activity of the FANC with the Finnish state will be studied.